The Scientific Collection of Araneae of the Natural History Museum of the Federal University of Bahia (MHNBA) had its first record in September 1982 by a Lycosidae specimen collected in the University Campus of Ondina, Salvador, Bahia. Since then, the collection had a significant increase. Currently, it has about 4,000 specimens. Among them were identified 40 families, 90 genera and ca 70 species. They came from catches made by teams involved in scientific research projects and/or donated by the local community. Their data are contained in a special book collection, major of them are informatized in Excel database. In addition, there are a paratype used in the description of Phoneutria bahiensis, an endemic species of Bahia.